FEB 2018

Techspex provides metalworkers free research and analysis tools to help them find the right machine for their job.

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Page 2 of 19 | The Machine Tool Search Engine 1 Key Considerations for Selecting a CNC Lathe By Barry Rogers Recorded history shows that the lathe is an ancient tool, perhaps first appearing 3,300 years ago in ancient Egypt as a manual, two-person operation. During the Industrial Revolution, mechanized power allowed for faster and easier work. In the later 19th and early 20th centuries, electricity made the machines even more powerful, and the advent of servomotors in the 1950s added the element of control. One of the key characteristics of a lathe, unlike a vertical or horizontal milling machine, is that the workpiece turns, as opposed to the tool. Thus, lathe work is often called turning. Turning, then, is a machining process used to make round, cylindrical parts. Lathes are commonly used to reduce the diameter of a workpiece to a specific dimension, producing a smooth surface finish. Basically, the cutting tool approaches the rotating workpiece until

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